Knowledge about first aid is very important not only for emergency responders but for everyone concerned about the safety of the people around them. These include parents whose prime responsibility is to look after their children and ensure their wellness. It is essential that you know what to do in times of emergency—especially when a quick action can spell the difference between life and death.
Check out these first aid tips that you must familiarise yourself with—and don’t take them for granted.
#1 Know who to call
This may not be a first aid response but knowing the emergency hotlines places you one step ahead already. Emergency numbers you should make visible at home include the following:
- Emergency Ambulance: 995
- Non-Emergency Ambulance: 1777
- Police Emergency: 999
- Police Emergency SMS: 71999
#2 Keep a first aid kit at home
A first aid kit is your best friend when it comes to first aid response. Make sure this is ready in your home and that everyone has access to it. A first aid kit should contain the following:
For possible injuries such as cuts, grazes, broken bones, or wounds:
- Bandages and plasters in different sizes
- Adhesive tapes
- Calamine lotion
- Cleansing pads or antiseptic wipes
- Disposable gloves
- Cotton balls
- Mild liquid soap
- Digital thermometer for fever
- Medicines, painkillers, and antihistamines for allergies
#3 Stop, Drop, and Roll
This is a basic act to teach your child if she ever catches fire and has to put it out immediately. This is better done on grass whenever someone is outdoors. Teach your child to simply stop from whatever she’s doing, drop, and roll her body on the ground to put out the fire.
#4 Familiarise yourself with CPR
Knowing how to do cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR will go a long way for your family’s safety. There are only two rules to follow: if your child isn’t breathing, perform CPR. Otherwise, take her to the doctor immediately. To perform CPR, simply make sure your kid is lying on her back. Place the heel of your palm in the middle of her chest. Press down and compress her chest gently. Avoid using excessive force so as not to break the ribs. Every time you push down, make sure her chest rises. Do this until your child breathes or until help arrives.
#5 Learn how to stop choking
Choking is common among infants so it’s crucial that you know the first steps towards saving your child from it. If your infant chokes, hold her face down and support her using your forearm. Perform five back blows between the shoulder blades.
#6 Don’t tilt the head back when the nose bleeds
Tilting the head back when the nose bleeds is a common mistake. Instead, make her sit upright and loosen any tight clothing. Apply pressure on the nose for five to 10 minutes by pinching the lower end of her nose. While doing this, make sure she’s leaning forward.
#7 Do not move a child who is severely injured
If you suspect your child may have a serious neck, back, or head injury, do not move her as this may worsen the situation. Instead, call the emergency hotline at once and seek help.