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Has He Talked Yet? Spot Delays In Your Child’s Development With This Guide

As a parent, every developmental milestone of your child brings so much joy. Seeing your baby walk for the first time and hearing the first syllables are just some of the most common breakthroughs parents look forward to. But how do you know if your child’s development isn’t on track?

While development may vary per child, here’s a general guide to help you assess where your child is and help you spot if there may be delays that need intervention.

0-3 Months Old

The first three months of babies are when they’re at their most dependent and vulnerable state. This period is characterised by a lot of crying, carrying, and sleeping. This time is also crucial in fostering parent-child bond so make sure to have your presence felt.

Some developmental milestones include the ability to:

  • Raise head while lying on stomach
  • Put hands in the mouth
  • Exhibit uncontrolled movements of legs and arms
  • Smile at other people and learn how to laugh
  • Recognise sounds and produce them
  • Follow an object’s movement with the eyes
  • Know how to open and close fists
  • Kick and stretch legs
  • Observe, watch, and recognise familiar faces
  • Imitate movements and familiar sounds
  • Crave playing with people

4-6 months old 

This period is when your newborn’s personality starts taking shape. Your little one will also seek more attention and validation at this time so interaction is a must. 

Check out some signs of development. Babies ought to:

  • Start to roll over and sit
  • Get better at eating more solid food
  • Laugh, babble, and squeal more prominently
  • Move objects from one hand to another
  • Be curious about new things
  • Respond to people talking to him and recognise own name
  • Be teething
  • Urge people to play with him 

7-9 months old

Your little one is now starting to be a bit more independentable to move more freely and play games with other people. You will notice that your baby is becoming more sociable at this stage. 

These signs should be more visible as babies:

  • Start to crawl and stand
  • Sit without support
  • Mumble first syllable and start to utter vowel sound combinations
  • See clearly as vision is fully mature
  • Grasp and hold objects as finger-hand coordination has fully developed
  • Distinguish emotions exhibited by others
  • Express emotions more clearly
  • Know how to clap, wave, and point
  • Become curious about mirror images
  • Get upset when parents or caregivers are not around

10-12 months old 

Your child’s motor skills have developed and he’s also becoming more expressive and communicative. Exciting milestones to look forward to include baby’s ability to:

  • Say first words
  • Walk with little to no support
  • Do hands-and-knee position
  • Recognise a picture
  • Explore objects and shake or throw them
  • Put object inside a container and take it out
  • Repeat words 
  • Respond to simple words or “no”
  • Extend arms and legs when being dressed up or down
  • Command attention by uttering words or doing simple gestures
  • Exhibit shyness around strangers
  • Start finger feeding themselves

13-15 months old

At this stage, toddlers are slowly learning more advanced skills and are becoming articulate when it comes to expressing themselves. Some indications that they’re on track include being able to:

  • Utter two or more words
  • Independently stand on their own
  • Drink from a cup
  • Convey what they want by pointing and pulling
  • Squat to pick something up
  • Show affection through kisses and hugs
  • Push toys back and forth
  • Scribble, draw, or sketch lines
  • Imitate other people’s actions 

16-18 months old

Have you ever wondered when your child actually starts understanding you? It’s around this time when they can comprehend your simple directions. Their communication skills are starting to shape up even more with the following developments: 

  • Able to utter 10 or more words
  • Able to combine two words
  • Able to hum
  • Start to converse with parents or toys

Other noticeable changes include the capacity to: 

  • Climb stairs with a bit of help
  • Turn the pages of a book
  • Point to some body parts
  • Show emotions by throwing tantrums
  • Name objects or images in a book
  • Get attached to a toy
  • Understand simple directions

19-24 months old

By the time your toddler reaches two years old, you may feel as though time has passed quickly. You’ve seen them change and transform from a dependent little one to an independent child, able to communicate what they want, move as they please, and express themselves in different ways. Some of the milestones your child must have exhibited include being able to:

  • Fully walk and run
  • Fully walk upstairs
  • Role play or act a certain character they are familiar with
  • Say incomplete yet understandable sentences
  • Take off their own clothes
  • Distinguish between two different objects
  • Use spoon and fork
  • Know how to wash hands
  • Tell parents or guardian when they need to pee
  • Be fully aware of their name and recognise when someone calls them
  • Possibly exhibit aggressive behaviour when not in mood such as slapping or hitting
  • Try to act independently as much as they can
  • Kick a ball

RELATED: Baby Development: What To Expect From Birth To 12 Months
RELATED: A Guide To Teething

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