Has your baby’s super soft skin suddenly become dry, flaky and covered with angry looking rashes? Your bubba may have a case of eczema, a common skin condition that can appear in infants as young as two to four months of age.
Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is chronic (long-lasting) and flares up periodically. Children suffering from Eczema tend to have weak skin barrier characterised by a lack of ceramide and other physiological lipids. Research has demonstrated that ceramide is reduced by 30% to 50% in AD. Ceramide is an important lipid forming the skin barrier. A weak skin barrier is unable to keep moisture in the skin thus appearing dry and sometimes cracked. The compromised skin barrier gives opportunities to allergens, pathogens and irritants to cause inflammation and itch.
Common symptoms in infants and young children include dry, scaly, red and itchy skin, usually (but not limited to) in elbow creases, behind the knees, or on their face and necks. Exacerbated cases can lead to painful oozing and bleeding wounds. Common eczema triggers include exposure to moisture, dust, skin irritants, temperature fluctuations and even stress.
While eczema cannot be cured, most children may outgrow their eczema or their eczema will become less severe as they get older. It is important to note that eczema is not contagious.
Keep eczema at bay
If your child has eczema, fret not for its symptoms can be controlled. It is important to work together with your physician to manage the condition. Depending on the severity of the condition, there are a variety of treatments, from using moisturising emollients, low-strength steroidal cream or even oral antibiotics.
For parents with children or babies prone to eczema, log down your child’s triggers to better avoid and help keep eczema at bay. It is important to know how to measure the severity of the eczema on a daily basis. The iControl Eczema App (available on Apple App Store and Google Play Store) is a simple patient e-tool for them to take ownership of their eczema treatment and allows an interactive eczema management between doctors, nurses, patients and the caregivers in-between clinic visits.
Because dry skin is a precursor to flare ups, employing preventive measures such as moisturising your child’s skin several times a day will help to soothe and prevent skin from drying out. Moisturisers help to prolong the flare-free period and should be used regardless if the skin is clear, or during a flare. Moisturisers containing ceramide and lipids that help to retain moisture, fortify skin’s natural barrier and help protect skin from harmful substances – are particularly effective in managing eczema.
Backed by research which shows that skin’s ceramide is reduced by 30% to 50% in atopic dermatitis, Ceradan Skin Barrier Repair Cream is a hypoallergenic moisturiser which has a ceramide-dominant formula to replenish ceramide and strengthen skin barrier in eczema-prone skin. It uses a 3:1:1 ratio of intercellular physiological lipids such as ceramide, cholesterol and free fatty acids for optimal hydration and reparation in dry and sensitive skin.
Safe for use on newborns, Ceradan Skin Barrier Repair Cream is free of steroids, fragrance, colourants and parabens. There are no restrictions on any skin areas, so parents can simply apply twice daily on their child, or as directed by the doctor.