Dengue fever, a dangerous mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus, can be life-threatening when it develops into a dengue hemorrhagic fever; resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs. Symptoms, including high fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash, typically begin three to fourteen days after infection and recovery generally takes two to seven days.
More serious conditions may also occur especially in pregnant women, babies and children. To prevent the risk of such diseases, take extra care around the house or when you are out and prevent dengue fever with these tips:
- To prevent breeding of mosquitoes, always turn empty pails and buckets upside down, so that they do not collect stagnant water. If you can’t empty it, remember to cover it well when not in use.
- Clean out your flower pots and clear excess water collected on dishes underneath the pots too.
- When the family is in an outdoor environment prone to have insects, remember to apply mosquito repellents on all exposed areas in the day and at night to prevent mosquito bites.
- If your neighbourhood is known to have mosquitoes, make sure that you get screens or mesh protectors, so that mosquitoes cannot fly into the house.
- If someone has dengue in the house, make sure to keep them in a safe environment, and make sure that there are no mosquitoes in the house. If they bite the infected person, it may spread to other members of the family.
- If there is a peak in dengue cases/outbreaks in your area, take extra caution by sleeping under a mosquito net, especially children.
- If you use coolers, humidifiers or dehumidifiers, make sure to empty any exposed water trays as often as possible.
- One way to prevent mosquitoes from breeding is to plant Tulsi near your window. It has properties that prevent mosquito breeding.
- Using essential oil diffusers(neem, eucalptyus or lemon oil) or camphor also helps to knock out mosquitoes. Leave them turned on/lit up for about 15-20 minutes in a room with closed doors and windows for a mosquito-free environment. The scent of mint, citronella and lavender also keeps them away.
- For added prevention around the house, you can also use an electric mosquito zapper.
- For children who are active and tend to stay outdoors for the most part of the day, let them wear mosquito patches to prevent bites.
Take extra precaution with these simple steps today, it’s always better to be safe than sorry!