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Food & Health

Ways To Handle Head Injuries

Head bumps are common in children and although they may appear harmless most times, it’s better to be safe than sorry. We speak to Dr Wendy Sinnathamby, Specialist in Paediatrics & Consultant from Raffles Children’s Centre to find out more about these lumps and bruises.

  1. How can parents tell the difference between a moderate to severe/serious head bump?
    The size of the head bump does not correlate directly with the severity of the injury. Head bumps are considered serious if associated with the symptoms listed below. Parents should be worried in the following circumstances after a head injury: Loss of consciousness, penetrating injury to head, change in behaviour, such as confusion or irritability, vomiting, fits, dizziness, worsening headache, blood or clear fluid discharging from ears or nose (the latter when the child does not cry), visual problems, new deafness to one or both ears, unusual breathing pattern, history of easy bleeding and fall from a height.
  2. How can parents treat head injuries at home if a child is/has…?
    Bleeding heavily
    Using a sterile cloth, apply pressure on the wound for about 10 minutes.
    Minor cuts and scrapes on the head
    Wash the wound with mild soap and water.
    A bump on the head
    Put an ice pack (ice wrapped in a cloth) or instant cold pack to the injured area for 10 to 15 minutes.
  3. When kids injure their heads at home, what is the first thing parents should take note of?
    The first thing that parents should do is to take note whether the child cried immediately, or if the child lost consciousness soon after the injury. They should also try to stop any bleeding straight away. Parents should also be watchful for a day or two. If you notice your child acting differently, such as vomiting, drowsy, irritable, eating less, or having trouble using a part of their body, seek medical help right away. But if your child behaves normally, then there is nothing much to be concerned about; just continue to monitor the injury.
  4. What are parents to do if they suspect that their child has suffered a concussion?
    Parents should call an ambulance or take their child to an Accident and Emergency department immediately.